Phil 201 quiz 2 | Physiology homework help


Question 1 

  1. The three parts of an argument are      _____________, inference, and conclusion:


truth value







3 points   

Question 2 

  1. The law of excluded middle states


something cannot   both be and not be at the same time


the middle term   must be distributed in the premises at least once


something either is   or is not


something is what   it is

3 points   

Question 3 

  1. According to the reading, even God      cannot create a contradiction.



3 points   

Question 4 

  1. A mixed hypothetical syllogism in      which the premise denies the consequent is called:


Modus ponens






Modus tollens

3 points   

Question 5 

  1. The Latin phrase that means ‘it      does not follow’ is:


3 points   

Question 6 

  1. This may be the most well-known      fallacy of presumption:






begging the question


hasty generalization

3 points   

Question 7 

  1. This fallacy is sometimes referred      to as the false dilemma:


straw man




red herring


special pleading

3 points   

Question 8 

  1. Identify the fallacy: The Bible      says we should do to others what we would have them to do for us.      Therefore I have no problem sharing the questions and answers of this quiz      with another student.


special pleading


tu quogue


sweeping   generalization


red herring

3 points   

Question 9 

  1. “Begging the question” is a      fallacy of presumption.



3 points   

Question 10 

  1. Identify the fallacy: He’s the      third student I’ve caught cheating on the test. It just proves that you      can’t trust students these days.


hasty   generalization


straw man


ad hominem



3 points   

Question 11 

  1. Occam’s razor says:


the best explanation is usually   philosophical


the best argument is usually   comprehensive


the strongest argument is usually the   positive/negative approach


the simplest explanation is usually   the best

3 points   

Question 12 

  1. The principle of simplicity says      we should try to simplify complex arguments.



3 points   

Question 13 

  1. A best explanation approach is      often the best way to argue because many issues in philosophy do not have      perfect solutions.



3 points   

Question 14 

  1. Which of the following should we      do first in our analysis of the ‘validity’ of an argument?


determine if these   premises lead to this conclusion


determine if the   premises are true


determine if there   are any informal fallacies


determine if we   agree with the conclusion before evaluating the validity or strength of the argument

3 points   

Question 15 

  1. The term for beliefs relating      together in a way that is mutually supportive:









3 points   

Question 16 

  1. An inference drawn from      statistical reasoning is deductive.



3 points   

Question 17 

  1. In a deductive syllogism, if the      premises are true and the conclusion is true, then the argument is valid.



3 points   

Question 18 

  1. The formal procedure for writing      out a deductive argument is called


an analogy


a syllogism


a hypothesis


a formulation

3 points   

Question 19 

  1. Type of argument that begins with      a problem with an unknown explanation, forms a theory and tests the      theory.


deductive syllogism


probability calculus


hypothetical reasoning


statistical reasoning

3 points   

Question 20 

  1. An argument may be evaluated as      “true” or “false.”



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