Poverty: symbolic interaction, functional analysis, and conflict


–Introduction: this section lays out the topic, introduces the research question, briefly explains why answering the question is important and presents a roadmap for the rest of the research design. –Literature Review: this section treats previous research that has explored research questions that are at all similar to yours. The purpose of a literature review is to understand previous research so that your own design can build upon it and create testable hypotheses. The review does not necessarily need to discuss every piece of work ever done on the topic, but needs to be targeted towards your research question. –Theory/Hypotheses: this section lays out the basic theory and argument of your research design. The section presents the core hypotheses that you wish to test and these are based on the literature review, but also on your own contribution to the literature through your theory and argument. If you believe that the literature does not provide a sufficient guide to generate testable hypotheses, you need not present them. Also, if you are proposing an ethnographic/grounded theory method/similar approach, you can argue that you cannot generate testable hypotheses. –Data/Variables: this section indicates which variables you need to conduct your analysis. Here, you specify what your dependent variable is, what your primary independent variables of interest are, what your control variables are and finally, from where you plan to collect your data. –Conclusion: this section is a reiteration of your topic, research question and the importance of the question to the area of study.

Symbolic interaction, functional analysis, and conflict theory represent useful dimensions for analyzing poverty. Symbolic interaction suggests that society defines poverty in terms of the meaning and interpretations people associate with this problem. This meaning changes as people interact and communicate. This theory suggests that the interactions between the poor and other groups cause and reinforce poverty (Thio 35). A form of segregation arises that limits the poor to certain circles in areas such as employment and residence. The functionalist perspective emphasizes the important role of poverty in society. This role includes working in blue-collar jobs and creating employment opportunities for skilled workers (Thio 34). The theory underplays the need for socioeconomic equality, leaving society in a skewed situation that creates poverty. Conflict theory places the blame for poverty on the poor. Given the land of opportunities, society expects all individuals to participate effectively and take advantage of opportunities. Based on this perspective, a “culture of poverty” associated with laziness is the primary cause of poverty (Thio 34). This theory overlooks the role of environmental factors in inequality. The nature versus nurture perspective suggests that equal access to opportunities is insufficient to prevent or eliminate poverty. Even the most naturally gifted individuals need some form of support to achieve their potential.

Symbolic interaction would provide a viable solution to the problem by targeting attitudes to poverty. The underlying notion that poverty is merely an abstract problem constructed through the meanings people assign to situations suggests that society can address this problem by targeting such meanings. A possible solution would be through relevant education of both the poor and the wealthy. Such education should foster a public opinion that sees poverty as a shared problem requiring all stakeholders’ concerted efforts. This dimension makes symbolic interaction the ideal option for solving poverty.

Work Cited

Thio, Alex, and Jim Taylor. Social problems. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2011. Retrieved from https://profsonly.com/poverty-symbolic-interaction-functional-analysis-and-conflict-perspectives/

Assignment 1: For the planning assignment help, you should complete the following questions. Copy and paste the questions and answer them. After answering ALL of the questions thoroughly, you should submit this in a MS Word Doc. by the designated due date. First, you will identify and analyze the signature assignment guidelines to answer: What am I supposed to do for these assignments? *What literary period am I going to discuss in this assignment? *What two authors am I going to discuss? *What are those two authors’ works I am going to use for this assignment? What are the student learning outcomes of this assignment? What do I anticipate I will learn from completing this assignment? What steps do I need to take to complete this assignment? Next, you will create a plan to complete what they identified in #1: What steps will I take to achieve each of the required student learning outcomes for this assignment? How and when will I complete the assignment (e.g.; assignment schedule, timeline, progress report, checkpoints, and the like)? Finally, you will analyze their own life (work and school schedule, family demands, etc.) and anticipate: What will I need to do during and outside of class to develop and/or complete this assignment? This portion of the signature assignment will be assessed with the MSLO 1: Planning portion of the signature assignment rubric. Full credit for this assignment will be awarded if each question on the planning section of the worksheet is completed thoroughly and accurately. Assignment 2: Your work must use a total of four sources. Two of your sources will be the pieces of literature you are analyzing. The other two sources must come from the library database. No websites except .edu websites will be allowed as sources, unless you get specific permission from the professor. See https://profsonly.com/define-the-term-sociology-in-your-own-words-and/ . You may use books as well, they can be ebooks taken from the UTRGV library database or from an actual library. Current Issue Project: sources UTRGV databases: https://utrgv.libguides.com/az.php Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com Instructions: Submit your FOUR sources, you may have more, but beware of having too many sources in your work as you might lose your voice. Be sure to distinguish where you got the sources from (ex: JSTOR, Google Scholar, textbook, etc.). Formatting: MLA formatting – this means this should look like a Works Cited page in MLA formatting. Be sure to include the date of access.

COMP 2152 – Term Project – Winter 2022 


1. This is an individual project (complete the requirements on your own).

2. Do not share the project requirements with any former or future students in COMP 2152. Do not share this project requirements online in any format, anywhere.

3. You may choose to complete the all requirements or attempt to complete as much as possible. 

4. Credit will be awarded for requirements completed correctly and entirely with the portion of program functioning as requested. No partial marks will be awarded. 

5. You are allowed to make assumptions about application functionality not mentioned in the project idea (which is more of a general guideline). 

6. At minimum your project must display the functionality described for the idea selected. Any functionality described that is not a part of your submission will result in grade penalties at the discretion of the instructor. 


– Submit Python files only. No other format is accepted.

– DO NOT submit zipped (compressed) files. Any compressed files will not be marked.

– Submit on Blackboard.

Select one of the project ideas below and develop a Python application that meets the requirements described below:

Project ideas (should you want to work on another idea make sure to check with your instructor first):

7. Online store: users should be able to order items for sale or combo items (items when bought together trigger a discount). The order should include number of items and prices for items and should generate and display receipts.

8. File manager writing site: the user should be able to create folders and subfolders and should be able to copy and move files to the newly created directories. The user should be able to sort the directories. The user should be able to see what files are in a directory of choice. 

9. Library: users should be able to search for books by title or by author, should be able to search by book category (fiction, non-fiction, autobiographies, travel, etc.). The user should be able to purchase one or more books in any combination of authors, titles, categories, etc. The application should generate and display a receipt stating the list of books selected and their return due dates.

10. Expense tracker: the user should be able to enter expenses per category (food, clothing, entertainment, rent, etc) and the application should track the expenses per week or month. The user should be able to see their total expenses for a month of their choice for each category and a total monthly expense. The monthly expense report should include average expenses for each category for the year and indicate if the user expense for the month selected is lower or higher than the annual average. Also, the report should display the percentage of expenses from each category out of the total monthly expenses. 

Project application requirements:

Requirements description Points


1. Project should have a functioning menu

2. Project should have adequate functions (minimum 3 functions)

3. Project should make use of files to save the data

4. Project should handle adequate exceptions

5. Project should display information formatted adequately 

6. Project should make use of lists or dictionaries as appropriate. 

7. Project should follow adequate naming conventions for variables and functions, and should have comments as appropriate.  









8. Project should use an object-oriented approach, (inheritance is optional)

9. Project should use a database 



Advanced: Bonus (Not mandatory-For a max mark of 100%)

10. Project should use a GUI platform 

10 (optional)

Total 100

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